The Names of God part 2
We’ve been looking at the different names of God that are translated into English from Hebrew. They reveal God’s character and teach us more about Him. Here in part two of the names of God, we are going to learn about the compound names of Jehovah. By adding a word to the word Jehovah, we describe the character of God in greater detail. We learn more about who God is and how he relates to us. If you haven’t read the names of God – part 1, you can follow this link to do so. http://learningthebible.org/thenamesofgodpt1/
From the name Jehovah, we learn these qualities of God’s character: He is the revealing one; He is eternal and changeless; He is a God of righteousness and holiness who judges sin; And He is the God who is full of mercy – our redeemer.
Jehovah Jireh – [Yâhovah, yireh /yeh·ho·vaw yir·eh/]
The first compound name we are going to examine is Jehovah Jireh. It is a symbolic name given by Abraham to Mount Moriah in tribute of the angel of Jehovah who prevented the sacrifice of Isaac and provided a substitute. Jehovah Jireh is the God who doesn’t change, but sees and meets our needs. He is our provider. Abraham needed a substitute sacrifice for Isaac at Mount Moriah, and Jehovah Jireh provided. The Israelites needed to be freed from slavery in Egypt, and God was there.
The reason we should study the names of God is to draw near to God and have a closer relationship with Him. “Draw near to God and He will draw near to you.” (James 4:8a, NASB95) Today, we need a substitute sacrifice and we need to be freed from the slavery of sin. Jehovah Jireh, the one who never changes, sent Jesus to meet our needs. “Abraham said, “God will provide for Himself the lamb for the burnt offering, my son.” So the two of them walked on together.” (Genesis 22:8, NASB95) “Abraham called the name of that place The Lord Will Provide, as it is said to this day, “In the mount of the Lord it will be provided.”” (Genesis 22:14, NASB95)
Praise God that He is the one who sees ahead and makes provision for us! The Lord will see to it, that all our needs are provided, not our wishes, wants, and lusts. God knows ahead of time and provides for our needs.
Jehovah Nissi – [Yâhovah, nicciy /yeh·ho·vaw nis·see/]
Jehovah Nissi is the name Moses gave to the alter he built after defeating the Amalekites. It means “the Lord is my banner or standard.” “Moses built an altar and named it The Lord is My Banner;” (Exodus 17:15, NASB95) In Christ, you are victorious conqueror too. The banner was a symbol of God’s presence. With God’s presence, the Israelites prevailed in battle. In Moses’ day, a banner was a long bare pole with a bright and shining ornament that would glitter in the sun when held high in the air. The word banner actually means “to glisten, a pole or ensign, a standard, or a miracle.” Thus, it was a symbol of God’s deliverance and salvation that caused His people to be victors over their enemies. Jehovah Nissi is no sissy, He is the Lord our victory!
Israel’s war against the Amalekites is symbolic of our spiritual warfare today. “Put on the full armor of God, so that you will be able to stand firm against the schemes of the devil. For our struggle is not against flesh and blood, but against the rulers, against the powers, against the world forces of this darkness, against the spiritual forces of wickedness in the heavenly places. Therefore, take up the full armor of God, so that you will be able to resist in the evil day, and having done everything, to stand firm. Stand firm therefore, having girded your loins with truth, and having put on the breastplate of righteousness, and having shod your feet with the preparation of the gospel of peace; in addition to all, taking up the shield of faith with which you will be able to extinguish all the flaming arrows of the evil one. And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God.” (Ephesians 6:11–17, NASB95)
There is a battle going on even against our own flesh. The Bible says, the flesh lusts against the spirit and the spirit against the flesh. We need to hold onto God’s word and stand fast in faith, for Jehovah Nissi is our banner, miracle and victory. He makes us a winner. “Suffer hardship with me, as a good soldier of Christ Jesus.” (2 Timothy 2:3, NASB95) With God’s presence we can take the promised land! ““He shall say to them, ‘Hear, O Israel, you are approaching the battle against your enemies today. Do not be fainthearted. Do not be afraid, or panic, or tremble before them, for the Lord your God is the one who goes with you, to fight for you against your enemies, to save you.’” (Deuteronomy 20:3–4, NASB95)
“What then shall we say to these things? If God is for us, who is against us?” (Romans 8:31, NASB95) “Yet in all these things we are more than conquerors through Him who loved us.” (Romans 8:37, NKJV) “but thanks be to God, who gives us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ.” (1 Corinthians 15:57, NASB95) “But thanks be to God, who always leads us in triumph in Christ, and manifests through us the sweet aroma of the knowledge of Him in every place.” (2 Corinthians 2:14, NASB95) No matter what you’re going through (sickness, depression, lack, etc.) Jehovah Nissi has already won the battle for us.
Jehovah Tsidkenu – [Yâhovah, tsidqenuw /ye·ho·vaw tsid·kay·noo/]
Jehovah Tsidkenu means, “the Lord our righteousness.” ““Behold, the days are coming,” declares the Lord, “When I will raise up for David a righteous Branch; And He will reign as king and act wisely And do justice and righteousness in the land. “In His days Judah will be saved, And Israel will dwell securely; And this is His name by which He will be called, ‘The Lord our righteousness.’” (Jeremiah 23:5–6, NASB95)
Although we know Jesus is the righteous branch, and we know we are in His body, we often see ourselves as still being unrighteous and full of sin. Righteousness is the quality of being right or in right standing. It means to have a full weight or measure. “Your righteousness is an everlasting righteousness, And Your law is truth.” (Psalm 119:142, NASB95) “The righteousness of Your testimonies is everlasting; Give me understanding, and I shall live.” (Psalm 119:144, NKJV)
God is righteous and we are His children, therefore, we are righteous like Him. “I will rejoice greatly in the Lord, My soul will exult in my God; For He has clothed me with garments of salvation, He has wrapped me with a robe of righteousness, As a bridegroom decks himself with a garland, And as a bride adorns herself with her jewels.” (Isaiah 61:10, NASB95) “Therefore if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creature; the old things passed away; behold, new things have come. Now all these things are from God, who reconciled us to Himself through Christ and gave us the ministry of reconciliation,” (2 Corinthians 5:17–18, NASB95) “He made Him who knew no sin to be sin on our behalf, so that we might become the righteousness of God in Him.” (2 Corinthians 5:21, NASB95)
We are the righteousness of God. “and put on the new self, which in the likeness of God has been created in righteousness and holiness of the truth. Therefore, laying aside falsehood, speak truth each one of you with his neighbor, for we are members of one another.” (Ephesians 4:24–25, NASB95)
“But thanks be to God that though you were slaves of sin, you became obedient from the heart to that form of teaching to which you were committed, and having been freed from sin, you became slaves of righteousness.” (Romans 6:17–18, NASB95) “But by His doing you are in Christ Jesus, who became to us wisdom from God, and righteousness and sanctification, and redemption,” (1 Corinthians 1:30, NASB95) The next time you are dealing with a sin issue, remember, you are the righteousness of God. You are full of righteousness. You have been given a robe of righteousness. Tell sin to hit the door, Jehovah Tsidkenu sits in your canoe. He is your full measure of righteousness.
Jehovah Shalom – [Yâhavah, shalowm /yeh·ho·vaw shaw·lome/]
Jehovah Shalom means, “the Lord is peace.” It is a name designating an alter built by Gideon, a famous judge of Israel. Gideon built this alter because the Lord confirmed to Gideon that He was calling him to deliver Israel. “The Lord said to him, “Peace to you, do not fear; you shall not die.” Then Gideon built an altar there to the Lord and named it The Lord is Peace. To this day it is still in Ophrah of the Abiezrites.” (Judges 6:23–24, NASB95)
God wants us to look to Him, not at our circumstances. “Be anxious for nothing, but in everything by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving let your requests be made known to God. And the peace of God, which surpasses all comprehension, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus.” (Philippians 4:6–7, NASB95)
The word Shalom means whole or well, full or perfect. When God’s peace reigns in your heart, you are whole. We were made perfect when Jesus paid the price for us. Jehovah Shalom lets us know that we are full of God’s peace. Jesus is called the prince of peace. “For a child will be born to us, a son will be given to us; And the government will rest on His shoulders; And His name will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Eternal Father, Prince of Peace.” (Isaiah 9:6, NASB95) Jerusalem means the city of peace. We should live life at its best knowing the peace of God which passes all understanding. “And the peace of God, which surpasses all comprehension, will guard your hearts and your minds in Christ Jesus.” (Philippians 4:7, NASB95) “You will keep him in perfect peace, Whose mind is stayed on You, Because he trusts in You.” (Isaiah 26:3, NKJV) “For to be carnally minded is death, but to be spiritually minded is life and peace.” (Romans 8:6, NKJV)
““Come to Me, all who are weary and heavy-laden, and I will give you rest. “Take My yoke upon you and learn from Me, for I am gentle and humble in heart, and you will find rest for your souls.” (Matthew 11:28–29, NASB95) ““Peace I leave with you; My peace I give to you; not as the world gives do I give to you. Do not let your heart be troubled, nor let it be fearful.” (John 14:27, NASB95)
Jehovah Shammah – [Yâhovah, shammah /yeh·ho·vaw shawm·maw/]
Jehovah Shammah means, “the Lord is there.” ““The city shall be 18,000 cubits round about; and the name of the city from that day shall be, ‘The Lord is there.’ ”” (Ezekiel 48:35, NASB95) This is Ezekiel’s name for the new Jerusalem in his vision. No matter where you are, God is there too, keeping His pledge. He will never leave you or forsake you, because His presence is within you. “Do you not know that you are a temple of God and that the Spirit of God dwells in you?” (1 Corinthians 3:16, NASB95)
“in whom the whole building, being fitted together, is growing into a holy temple in the Lord, in whom you also are being built together into a dwelling of God in the Spirit.” (Ephesians 2:21–22, NASB95) “Or what agreement has the temple of God with idols? For we are the temple of the living God; just as God said, “I will dwell in them and walk among them; And I will be their God, and they shall be My people.” (2 Corinthians 6:16, NASB95) Whenever you need Him, Jehovah Shammah is there. People should be able to look at you and see God working within you!
Jehovah M’Kaddesh – [qadash /kaw·dash/]
Jehovah M’Kaddesh means, “the Lord who sanctifies.” He is M’Kaddesh, my sanctifier. “‘You shall consecrate yourselves therefore and be holy, for I am the Lord your God. ‘You shall keep My statutes and practice them; I am the Lord who sanctifies you.” (Leviticus 20:7–8, NASB95) To sanctify means to be set apart, to be holy, to treat as holy, to be made holy, or to declare holy. It is a verb withdrawing someone or something from ordinary use. You are no longer ordinary, but set apart and declared holy by Jehovah M’Kaddesh. “For this is the will of God, your sanctification;” “For God has not called us for the purpose of impurity, but in sanctification.” (1 Thessalonians 4:3a,7, NASB95) You are set apart to serve God with your flesh, mind, and spirit.
Christians should be set apart from the world. ““Speak to all the congregation of the sons of Israel and say to them, ‘You shall be holy, for I the Lord your God am holy.” (Leviticus 19:2, NASB95) …“Great and marvelous are Your works, O Lord God, the Almighty; Righteous and true are Your ways, King of the nations! “Who will not fear, O Lord, and glorify Your name? For You alone are holy; For all the nations will come and worship before You, For Your righteous acts have been revealed.”” (Revelation 15:3b–4, NASB95)
When your spirit is in a right relationship with God, your soul and body will get in line too. “For in Him dwells all the fullness of the Godhead bodily; and you are complete in Him, who is the head of all principality and power.” (Colossians 2:9–10, NKJV) “but like the Holy One who called you, be holy yourselves also in all your behavior; because it is written, “You shall be holy, for I am holy.”” (1 Peter 1:15–16, NASB95)
You are holy and sanctified. “But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for God’s own possession, so that you may proclaim the excellencies of Him who has called you out of darkness into His marvelous light;” (1 Peter 2:9, NASB95) “Such were some of you; but you were washed, but you were sanctified, but you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ and in the Spirit of our God.” (1 Corinthians 6:11, NASB95) “For by these He has granted to us His precious and magnificent promises, so that by them you may become partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world by lust.” (2 Peter 1:4, NASB95)
We have learned that Jehovah is our provider, our victory banner, our righteousness, and peace. He is there for us and the one who sanctifies us. Awesome!